Hass Avocado

Hass avocado, also known as Persea americana, is a type of avocado that is widely cultivated and consumed around the world. The Hass avocado is known for its distinctive, bumpy skin and creamy, rich flavor. It is often considered the best tasting avocado variety, and is the most popular variety grown worldwide.

The Hass avocado is a tree that can reach up to 40 feet tall, but is usually kept smaller when grown in a home garden or orchard. The leaves are glossy and dark green, while the fruit is oval-shaped and can weigh anywhere from 6 to 16 ounces. The skin of the Hass avocado is thick and bumpy, and turns from green to black when it is ripe.

Hass avocados are considered a nutrient-dense fruit, as they are high in healthy fats, fiber, and vitamins such as potassium and vitamin K. The monounsaturated fats in avocados have been shown to help lower cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease.

Hass avocados are also versatile in the kitchen, and can be used in a variety of dishes. They can be sliced and added to sandwiches and salads, mashed and used as a spread for toast or crackers, or diced and mixed into guacamole. They can also be used as a substitute for butter or oil in baking recipes, as the creamy texture and rich flavor work well in cakes and brownies.

The Hass avocado tree can be grown in a variety of climates, but prefers a warm, subtropical climate with moderate rainfall. It is a slow-growing tree and can take several years to bear fruit. The tree is also relatively drought-tolerant, and can be grown with minimal irrigation.

In summary, the Hass avocado is a delicious and nutritious fruit that is easy to incorporate into a variety of dishes. Its bumpy skin and rich flavor make it a favorite among avocado lovers, and its high nutritional value makes it a healthy choice for any diet. If you’re interested in growing your own Hass avocado tree, be sure to keep in mind its climate preference and the time it takes to bear fruit.

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The Amazing Jack Tree

Also known as Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam

The Jack tree is well-known for its very large fruit which sometimes weighs over 30 kilograms. It grows well in the tropics and is loved by most of the local inhabitants. The tree grows to a height of 10 metres or more with many heavy branches and foliage which provide a beautiful shady picnic or resting spot. The edible pulp inside the fruit is fleshy and yellow when ripe. The unripe fruit is also eaten as a vegetable.

Medicinal use

  • Diarrhoea, fever and asthma.
  • Ulcers, wounds, glandular swellings and insect bites.
  • As a laxative, for giving tone and vitality to the body and for acute abdominal pain.

How to use

  • The decoction of the root is a good remedy for dianthoea, fever and asthma
  • The milky latex of the tree is applied externally for the cure of ulcers, wounds, glandular swellings and Insect bites
  • Excessive consumption of the pe fruit works on the bowels as a laxative
  • The consumption of roasted or boiled seeds gives tone and vitality to the body and helps in checking
  • abdominal pain.

Parts used

  • All the parts of the tree
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Rare Flowers Found Around the World

A world without flowers would be dull, wouldn’t it? We see flowers often, stubbornly blooming on a sidewalk or flourishing in a summer garden. But there are a wide variety of rare flowers you wouldn’t probably see except if you looked for them. And you may have to go to the literal ends of the Earth. In this article, we explore some remarkable rare flowers from all over the world.

Middlemist Red flower (Camellia)

The Middlemist Red flower looks like a big dark pink rose; it is not red as its name suggests. It has lush green foliage like roses too. Middlemist belongs to a family of flowers we call Camellia.

There are many other species and hybrids of Camellias, but most of them are yet to be identified. Perhaps because it escaped scientific study for many years after it disappeared from the Kew Gardens, it was until the 1980s that scientists were able to study the plant again.

What makes Middlemist Red rare?

The Middlemist Red is considered the rarest flower in the world. It is found in London and New Zealand, with only one specimen in each location. It used to be native to Asia but is now extinct on the continent.

Black is one of the rarest flower colors, which makes the black bat flower one of the rarest flowers in the world. People also call it the bat blossom, perhaps because the flower resembles the outline of a bat. Other names for it include cat’s whiskers and devil flower. 

It has a pair of maroon-black to deep purple wing-shaped modified leaves (bracts), and each of the leaves is about 6 inches across. Long green droopy stamens (bracteoles) surround the purple flower clusters right in the middle.

What makes the black bat flower rare?

The rarest black flower is the black bat flower, and you can only find this flower in tropical Southeast Asia. If you can replicate the climate conditions of the Southeast Asian tropics, you can try to cultivate them. However, we recommend you refrain from buying bat flower plants for your garden, as they are tough to grow.

Black bat flowers (Tacca chantrieri)

Fire lily (Gloriosa superba)

This flower has many names: flame lily, glory lily, tiger claw, climbing lily, etc. Fire lilies have six petals; they are wavy and taper to a sharply pointed apex. The flower hues range from yellow to cream and scarlet red to maroon. The base of the petal is usually yellow, and the color may extend along the petal margins. However, the more significant top part of the flower is bright red.

What makes the fire lily rare?

The fire lily is a rare flower in Asia because of overharvesting for medicinal purposes. Cultivating it is fraught with problems, so people rely on the wild population. But the demand rate is higher than what is naturally sustainable. As a result, local extinction is a looming possibility.

If you enjoy hot cocoa or love chocolate, you will find the chocolate cosmos flower irresistible. It has velvety, deep brownish-red petals, much like rich liquid chocolate. The gorgeous flowers also give off a sweet chocolaty scent when they bloom in late summer. William Thompson first cultivated the chocolate cosmos in 1835, and it soon spread to many home gardens.

What makes chocolate cosmos rare?

Although it’s native to Mexico, the chocolate cosmos doesn’t grow in the wild anymore. By the 1970s, only a few rare species existed, conserved in the Kew Gardens. Of course, you could try to grow the chocolate cosmos in your garden, but it will take a lot of work.

Chocolate cosmos (Cosmos atrosanguineus)


There are many rare flowers in the world for different reasons. Whatever the reason, rare flowers are beautiful parts of nature that we shouldn’t allow to go extinct. If you are a lover of rare plants, you can do your part by not encouraging the illegal harvesting and trade of rare flowers. You should verify the source of whatever rare flower or rare flower product you buy. On rare occasions, you may even find one of these gems in the wild.

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Banana is one of the most well-known fruits and the most cultivated in is so well-known tropical and semi-tropical countries. It is so well-known everywhere that its description is dispensable, but its importance is truly worth noting.

Medicinal use

The root

As a tonic for congestion of the liver and to prevent or cure scurvy. Prescribed for glandular disease, venereal disease, anaemia and disorders of the blood and diarrhoea.

The stem

⚫ Ulcer.

Quenches thirst in cholera.

In nervous disorders, hysteria, diarrhoea, dysentery and jaundice.

As an antidote to opium poisoning.

Stops bleeding of wounds and cuts.


Inflamed kidneys.

Checks hair loss.

Treatment of piles.

The leaves Are a useful remedy in severe

inflammation of the eye and other eye


Heals wounds and ulcers.

Makes a cool dressing for headaches. •Refreshing when applied on blisters or inflamed surfaces.

The flowers

⚫Checks excessive bleeding during menstruation.

• Diabetes.

Good for earaches.

The fruit

Diabetes, spitting of blood, diarrhoea.

indigestion, flatulence and accumulation

of acid in the body. • Prevents or cures scurvy, soothes and protects the alimentary tract.

◆ Promotes the flow of urine.

Gentle laxative.

Relieves sore throat and congestion of the chest, accompanied by cough.

Indigestion and dysentery.

◆ Anaemia.

Also cures inflamed colon and diseases of the rectum.
of the rectum.

How to use

✰The juice extracted from the root is used as tonic for congestion of the liver and to prevent or cure scurvy when mixed with a small quantity of pure honey. It is used in the case of inflamed mucous membranes of the urethra and vagina. Also prescribed for glandular disease.

A cold infusion of the root is recommended for venereal disease, anaemia, and disorders of the blood. Enema of the same infusion is given in diarrhoea.

✰The ash of the banana plant or stem is useful for ulcers.

What Is Climate Change?

“Climate change is happening, humans are causing it, and I think this is perhaps the most serious environmental issue facing us.” -Bill Nye

1. Climate change can be a natural process where temperature, rainfall, wind and
other elements vary over decades or more. In millions of years, our world has been
warmer and colder than it is now. But today we are experiencing rapid warming from
human activities, primarily due to burning fossil fuels that generate greenhouse gas

2. Increasing greenhouse gas emissions from human activity act like a blanket
wrapped around the earth, trapping the sun’s heat and raising temperatures.

3. Examples of greenhouse gas emissions that are causing climate change include
carbon dioxide and methane. These come from burning fossil fuels such as gasoline
for driving a car or coal for heating a building. Clearing land and forests can also
release carbon dioxide. Landfills for garbage are another source. Energy, industry,
agriculture and waste disposal are among the major emitters.

4. Greenhouse gas concentrations are at their highest levels in 2 million years and
continue to rise. As a result, the earth is about 1.1°C warmer than it was in the 1800s.
The last decade was the warmest on record.

5. Many people think climate change mainly means warmer temperatures. But
temperature rise is only the beginning of the story. Because the Earth is a system,
where everything is connected, changes in one area can influence changes in all
others. The consequences of climate change now include, among others, intense
droughts, water scarcity, severe fires, rising sea levels, flooding, melting polar ice,
catastrophic storms and declining biodiversity.

6. People are experiencing climate change in diverse ways. It affects our health,
ability to grow food, housing, safety and work. Some of us are already more vulnerable
to climate impacts, such as people living in small island developing States. Conditions
like sea-level rise and saltwater intrusion have advanced to the point where whole
communities have had to relocate. In the future, the number of “climate refugees” is
expected to rise.

7. Every increase in global warming matters. In a 2018 report, thousands of scientists
and government reviewers agreed that limiting global temperature rise to no more
than 1.5°C would help us avoid the worst climate impacts and maintain a livable
climate. Yet the current path of carbon dioxide emissions could increase global
temperature by as much as 4.4°C by the end of the century.

8. The emissions that cause climate change come from every part of the world and
affect everyone, but some countries produce much more than others. The 100 least

emitting countries generate 3 per cent of total emissions. The 10 largest emitters
contribute 68 per cent. Everyone must take climate action, but people and countries
creating more of the problem have a greater responsibility to act first.

9. Climate change is a huge challenge, but we already know many solutions. These can
deliver economic benefits while improving our lives and protecting the environment. We
also have global agreements to guide progress, such as the UN Framework Convention
on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement. Three broad categories of action are: cut
emissions, adapt to climate impacts and finance required adjustments.

10. Switching energy systems from fossil fuels to renewables like solar will reduce
the emissions driving climate change. But we have to start right now. While a growing
coalition of countries is committing to net zero emissions by 2050, about half of
emissions cuts must be in place by 2030 to keep warming below 1.5°C. Fossil fuel
production must decline by roughly 6 per cent per year between 2020 and 2030.

11. Adapting to climate consequences protects people, homes, businesses, livelihoods,
infrastructure and natural ecosystems. It covers current impacts and those likely in the
future. Adaptation will be required everywhere, but must be prioritized now for the most
vulnerable people with the fewest resources to cope with climate hazards. The rate of
return can be high. Early warning systems for disasters, for instance, save lives and
property, and can deliver benefits up to 10 times the initial cost.

12. We can pay the bill now, or pay dearly in the future. Climate action requires
significant financial investments by governments and businesses. But climate inaction
is vastly more expensive. One critical step is for industrialized countries to fulfil their
commitment to provide $100 billion a year to developing countries so they can adapt
and move towards greener economies.

Information credit:

fast facts


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